Radio diagnostic guide

General Information

This diagnostic report contains advanced technical information collected on the gateway. It is collected every day and made available on the onboarding dashboard. This page will help you read it.

Logs

This part shows information about the time at which the data collection happened.

Desired radio configuration

This is the auto-frequency configuration. This is what the packet forwarder is supposed to use.

Really applied configuration

This is the auto-frequency configuration. This is what the packet forwarder is actually configured on.

lorad → lorafwd

lorad is the radio modem and lorafwd forwards the packets to the miner.

This shows communication between the radio modem and the forwarder. It displays how many raw packets were received on each radio channel (not necessarily PoCs).

All messages

LoRaWAN uses CRC to make sure the packet received on the radio hasn't been damaged. CRC KO (fail) usually happens when the modem attempts to demodulate below the noise level. It is normal to have some CRC KO messages. Though, there should not be "too many". This is not an absolute rule, and it has to be analyzed on a case by case basis (for example: a miner in a basement will have few CRC KO, however a miner on a tower in a busy city will have many).

CRC OK messages are real LoRaWAN packets or PoCs beacons.

lorafwd → miner

This counts how many LoRaWAN packets and GWMP messages the lorafwd sent to the miner.

This is LoRaWAN packets, PoCs beacons, as well as generic control plane messaging.

CPF radio beacons

This counts how many 52-byte LoRaWAN packets have been seen. This is very likely PoCs beacons, but not guaranteed.

lorafwd → miner witnesses

This counts how many 52-byte LoRaWAN packets have been sent to the miner.

miner → challenger witnesses

This counts how many PoCs witnesses have been sent to the challenger.

challenger → miner beacons

This counts how many PoCs beacons have been transmitted by your miner.

RSSI/SNR PoCs

This counts the average RSSI/SNR on 52-byte LoRaWAN messages (likely PoCs).

A high RSSI (e.g. over -100dBm) indicates a very noisy radio environment, please consider using a cavity filter.

A low RSSI (e.g. between -105 and -120 dBm) is ideal.

Charts

The charts depict the travel of the PoCs from the radio modem, the miner, the validator contact, the receipt being sent to the challenger.

Usually, the amount of PoCs in the "Challenger PoCs successes" chart will yield HNT reward. However, not all witnesses are rewarded and this is controlled by the poc_per_hop_max_witnesses chain variable. If you're not selected in these winners, you will not earn HNT (despite having everything OK on your miner).

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